14 giugno 1940

jQuery(function() { > Voir mes notices As I later found out, Ðakenis was unable to locate him anywhere. var today = new Date(); Bizauskas, Audënas, Masiliûnas, Tamoðaitis. Musteikis, Oct. 10, 1971.) text += '

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' + display[i] + (count != 1 ? function updateCountdown() { In other words, defending oneself would count for much in the future. text = ' '; As was mentioned → Zodiac sign for this date is Gemini A fairly complete record of the last meeting of the Lithuanian Government is available. All this would have had to be done earlier, when we still could have reckoned in days rather than hours. Quaderni del Ponte. 80 years, 3 months and 15 days Leap Year: Yes. var display = ['month']; Diplomazia clandestina (14 giugno 1940 - 25 luglio 1943), La Nuova Italia (Tipografia Luigi Parma), Firenze (Bologna). delimiter : '') + count.toLocaleString() + ' ' + display[i] + (count != 1 ? 2. Let us say something now about how the reply to Moscow's ultimatum was being discussed. → 1940 was the Year of the Dragon You, Lithuania, express loyalty to your treaty with us, but we say to you: To hell with the treaty and your loyalty. Perhaps only one of our divisions could be prepared for a march on the Samogitian highway toward Raseiniai. if(abs_diff > seconds[display[i]] || show_zero) { } else { year: 365.25*1000*60*60*24, month: 30.41666667*1000*60*60*24, week: 7*1000*60*60*24, day: 1000*60*60*24, hour: 1000*60*60, minute: 1000*60, second: 1000, var large = ! loop_range = seconds['day']; The biggest unpleasant surprise came to Minister Bizauskas, who had expected a softening of Moscow's demands. It is obvious, that the opposition sought cabinet reorganization not just to please the Soviets, but also as a means of reasserting their role in the Government, which was being gradually eliminated. } var start = new Date('1940-06-14T00:00:00-04:00'); Text of the treaty in Vyriausybës Þinios, October 17, 1939. //show_zero = true; Perhaps he, Antanas, wanted to stay home and rest, perhaps, still not quite recovered from the Moscow inferno, he wished to think things out. Gen. Vitkauskas was quite cooperative with the Soviets, possibly was a Communist, and later completely joined their ranks. jQuery(function() { } else { Memoria about the events a month after the Soviet occupation while he was interned in East Prussia.6 His is a rather straightforward and factual account, very closely corresponding to President Smetona's version. Les notices sélectionnées ont bien été ajoutées dans votre espace personnel. However, according to the Soviet historian K. Navickas, on June 12th, Foreign Minister Urbðys sent an urgent telegram from Moscow, which was presented in the meeting. While serving as Interior Minister, Gen. Skuèas never violated the pledges we made to Moscow and executed his duty in accordance with the President's direction. Copyright © 1975 LITUANUS Foundation, Inc. Our valiant gesture The Prime Minister was very sad, apathetic, and this information seemed to make no impression on him. var large = ! cit.,) In a later and somewhat revised version Gen. Musteikis added that Merkys concluded his report as follows: "The impression is that everything will turn out all right." updateCountdown(); all-Nationalist cabinet was appointed again. if(! Kasias, The USSR - German Aggression Against Lithuania, New York, 1973, chapter II; also US House of Representatives, Third Interim Report of the Select Committee on There was no gaiety, since Lithuania's sorrow was gnawing at everyone. A delegation from View interesting June 14, 1940 birthday facts that no one tells you about, such as your life path number, birthstone, ruling planet, zodiac sign and birth flower. This was done toward midnight of June 15. } else { would still have to be discussed and the question of the new Red Army garrisons negotiated with Moscow. } uncivilized, bestially cruel. start2.setFullYear(today.getFullYear() - 1); for(i=0;i
' + display[i] + (count != 1 ? !seconds[display[i]]) { Prime Minister Merkys answered no. First of all, it was obvious that the army was not prepared for even a symbolic defense of independence. Having heard the Prime Minister's report, the participants at the meeting were practically all of the opinion that one should await word from Urbðys, even Firenze, La Nuova Italia 1956, cm.13x21, pp.80, br. What would they have said if instead of Gen. Skuèas they themselves would have to be sacrificed in ransom?.. Let us remember: the idea of a united government was damaged by the consolidation of political parties, called coalition by others.12, On June 12 13 at approximately 3:30 p.m. the Prime Minister returned from Moscow, arriving at the President's office between 4-5 p.m. For both were so guilty that they should have been tried and punished long ago. var count = Math.floor(abs_diff / seconds[display[i]]); on all three counts? now, when they demanded from us not one foot, not several feet, but our entire land, Gen. Raðtikis tersely and boldly declared: Let us accept all of Moscow's demands! The available records of the last meeting of the Lithuanian Government reveal a rather pathetic leadership, divided by partisanship, unprepared for a military confrontation, without plans for a government in exile, in general without a clear understanding of the ultimate implication of the Soviet ultimatum. if(!text) { If, no matter what the conditions or circumstances, he agreed to transfer it to someone else, that would be tantamount to treason, to the destruction of his personal honor, and to bringing down shame on one's nation. 16 A brief paragraph on Smetona's personal concerns is ommitted. To the last he refused to acknowledge the legitimacy of opposition and called the government "united government," as distinguished from a "coalition government." 21 14 giugno 1940- 25 luglio 1943. limited data is a risky business. There was little time left, one had to be quick, because it was already between 5-6 o'clock. 14 Prime Minister Merkys met Molotov three times on June 7, 9, and 11, 1939. Minister Bizauskas defended his own contrary view that our resistance would greatly anger Moscow and when enraged the U.S.S.R. would terribly devastate our country. var start = new Date('1940-06-14T00:00:00-04:00'); updateCountdown(); 's' : ''); 14 giugno 1940 - 7 settembre 1945 The new cabinet represented gains to the Nationalists. !1; General Raðtikis was present during part of the meeting and has provided a well-reasoned and relatively detailed record of the last days in the Presidency.7, President Antanas Smetona, who left the country on June 15, 1940 (for a while he was interned in Germany, finally he was allowed to move on to the United States, where he died in Cleveland in 1944), wrote a Pro Memoria between July 1 and 25, 1940, while he was interned in East Prussia. That the Minister of Internal Affairs, M. Skuèas, and the Director of the Department of Security [secret police], Povilaitis, be immediately delivered to the judicial authorities and tried as directly guilty of acts of provocation committed against the garrisons of the Soviet Union in Lithuania.3. Resignation of the Government must take place immediately and a new one must be formed within twenty-four hours". !loop_range) { How’s your lovelife today? The so-called Axis was also not favorable to resistance, as we already found out. jQuery(function() { If he had stayed in his job, as he was urged to do by his own, he could have hurt and transgressed against Lithuania more than anyone else. 89 - 118. start2.setFullYear(today.getFullYear() + 1); doc. All who were present at the meeting expressed the opinion that the President ought not to resign but only take a vacation for some time. Furthermore, gold and currency reserves should be concealed. See Raðtikis, op. 1940 - Warld War II: Paris is occupied bi Nazi Germany. NHL – New York Rangers beat Toronto Maple Leafs (4 - 2) to win the Stanley Cup. Musteikis, Prisiminimu. start2.setFullYear(today.getFullYear() + 1); If it had not been followed, this would have been a considerable blow to the entire country. } else { Prima edizione (4) + 80 p. in-8. } Get a free love reading with the most frank answers. if(!text) { Nevertheless, it is perhaps the most significant record of the decision-making, for it reveals the thinking, the perception of the situation by the principal decision-maker, who must bear the heaviest responsibility for the outcome. Kasias, op. Sfoglia giornali americani del passato. Day of the Week: Friday How Long Ago? if(!text) { } else { } As a result of Secondly, the opposition parties which participated in Smetona's government were unhappy with the ruling Nationalists, who were gradually restricting their political influence. → Your next birthday is if(diff > 0) { Bizauskas) Dekanozov had said that his mission in Lithuania is to agree on the formation of a new Lithuanian government. updateCountdown(); Well, they say, it could fly out by airplanes. diff = (start2 - today); Yes, legally he is, but not in practice. If you are trying to learn Spanish then this day of the week in Spanish is viernes. Its text corresponded approximately to that received over the phone. (8), 80, brossura editoriale riquadrata con titolo bicromo e piccola vignetta. In 8¡, br. !0; Minister of Agriculture Audënas argued that such a resistance would require not only many human sacrifices, but would also destroy our national economy; at the same time nothing would be gained. The day of the week was Friday. }); The plan envisioned armed resistance to Soviet aggression and the evacuation of the government. THE DECISION OF THE LITHUANIAN GOVERNMENT TO ACCEPT THE SOVIET ULTIMATUM OF JUNE 14, 1940, As the German armies were crushing the last French resistance, Stalin decided to implement the Nazi-Soviet agreements of August and September, 1939, by occupying and absorbing the Baltic States into the USSR.1 Following manufactured diplomatic pressures, on June 14, 1940, the Soviet Government presented to Lithuania the following demands:2, 1. if(! today = new Date(today.getTime() - loop_time * loop_range); The next time you can reuse 1940 calendar will be in 2024. 70. start2.setFullYear(today.getFullYear()); diff = (start2 - today); This proposal of Minister Bizauskas was vigorously supported by Prime Minister Merkys and Minister Audënas. 24 No matches found in our celebrity database.. We have over 150,000 celebrities in our database. Gen. Raðtikis explains his objection to armed resistance as follows: "Division Gen. Pundzevièiui sat near me and I asked him whether the army is in readiness for resistance or whether it was at least notified. year: 365.25*1000*60*60*24, month: 30.41666667*1000*60*60*24, week: 7*1000*60*60*24, day: 1000*60*60*24, hour: 1000*60*60, minute: 1000*60, second: 1000, var loop_range = ''; Yesterday after the meeting, I had reminded Prime Minister Merkys that while resting he think out a plan for responding in this unexpectedly difficult situation. while(start2 < today) { 1821 – Badi VII, king of Sennar, surrenders his throne and realm to Ismail Pasha, general of the Ottoman Empire, bringing the 300 year old Sudanese kingdom to an end. Smetona viewed (political parties and their activities as destructive of national unity, their legal existence was prohibited by law (although informal activity of the parties was tolerated). As it turned out, he was less than loyal to an independent Lithuania. var start2 = new Date(start); Diplomazia clandestina (14 giugno 1940-25 luglio 1943). There were precisely 996 full moons after you were born up to this day. } else { } start2.setFullYear(today.getFullYear()); At approximately 7 o'clock in the evening members of the Home Guard and Scouts came to congratulate me on the eve of my name's day. Absent were Minister Gen. Skuèas (on the advice of Prime Minister Merkys he had already resigned on June 12th), Mr. Urbðys (in Moscow), and for some reason or other Minister Galvanauskas. In reporting his conversations in Moscow, Merkys was possibly minimizing the significance of Soviet charges. You’ve slept 1,399 week of your life. Did the President do the right or the wrong thing by not complying with Moscow's demands? } if(abs_diff > seconds[display[i]] || show_zero) { I, p.p. var loop_time = 1 * ''; var increment = 1 * '-1'; The President: To hand over Gen. Skuèas and Director Povilaitis to be tried without any legal basis would amount to endorsing the fictitious charges of Molotov. } loop_range = seconds['day']; Pearl is the modern birthstone for this month. June 14, 1940 was the 166 th day of the year 1940 in the Gregorian calendar. bolsheviks will think him to be of German orientation since he had finished the High Military Academy in Germany. Prime Minister Merkys and of the two Commanders in Chief, the present and the former one, Vitkauskas and Raðtikis, had decisive significance. }); No one had any inclination to say something. After another telephone call from Kaunas reporting that a delegation was on the way 322-329. A similar statement was made at that time by the Commander in Chief Gen. Raðtikis. } Don’t forget to share the info to your friends, loved ones or social media followers. This position of his had to be recorded in the minutes of the meeting. } 17 By Axis A. Smetona here means the Christian Democratic -Peasant Populist opposition, which was to a great extent acting in coalition. at large as the chief rival of President Smetona, resigned in early January of 1940. Prima edizione. collana QUADERNI DEL PONTE 1956 prima edizione, 12mo 80pp - Brossura - Stato libro: MOLTO BUONO piccolo strappo fra piatto anteriore e dorso, menda al piatto anteriore (vedi foto) catalogo Fascismo e Antifascismo - Fascim and Antifascism. Memorie dei fuorusciti antifascisti italiani e dell'esperienza di Lussu della lotta clandestina al regime dall'estero. The all-Nationalist rule was significantly modified as a result of major defeats in foreign policy — the Polish ultimatum of 1938 and the loss of Klaipëda (Mëmei) to Germany in 1939. Perfetto stato. var expire = ! Let us remember that he has sworn to uphold Lithuania's sovereignty. Condition: BUONO. (120 p.) ; 21 cm. Karvelis claims that in a meeting diff = start2 - today; } else { Publication : Milano : Baldini Castoldi Dalai, impr. Spaducci, p. 166. Gen. Raðtikis writes in his memoirs that when he was the Commander in Chief, he had prepared such plans and even modified them to take account of Soviet garrisons in Lithuania. Edition: 1st Edition, Book Description La Nuova Italia, Firenze, 1956. br. if(!large) { } 198-220. In fact the defense plans of the Baltic states were not coordinated and even at odds with each other. However, even this concession would not help in any way, since, if the other two demands were rejected, force would still be used against Lithuania. } !loop_time && ! 1381 – Richard II in England meets leaders of Peasants' Revolt on Blackheath. Leap Year: Yes, Generation Silent Generation start2.setFullYear(today.getFullYear()); 2010. of the Treaty of Mutual Assistance between the Soviet Union and Lithuania and to suppress firmly the enemies of this Treaty. The cabinet of Gen. Jonas Èernius, formed in March of 1939, included four opposition members. diff = (start2 - today); years: 365.25*1000*60*60*24, months: 30.41666667*1000*60*60*24, weeks: 7*1000*60*60*24, days: 1000*60*60*24, hours: 1000*60*60, minutes: 1000*60, seconds: 1000 Prime Minister Merkys was requested to meet Molotov several times, was castigated and berated, but did not receive any formal demands of Lithuania. This has nothing to do with the fact that Lithuania's independence was destroyed by an aggressive act of the Soviet" Union. By that time the telegram from which we would gather what it is that the Soviets demand might already have been received and decoded. start2.setFullYear(today.getFullYear()); Your zodiac sign is Gemini with a ruling planet Mercury, your birthstone is the Pearl, Moonstone and Alexandrite, and your birth flower is the Rose. In the event of armed confrontation 2010, Description matérielle : 1 vol. It was the 24th Friday of 1940. 23 The text of the Lithuanian response is not available. }; if(!large) { abs_diff = Math.abs(diff); See Edgar Anderson's article "Military Policies and Plans of the Baltic States on the Eve of World War Two", Lituanus, 1974, No. (Raðtikis II, pp. if(diff > 0) { Italiano. Lozoraitis, Rome, is used here. var delimiter = ' '; 's' : ''); I repeated everything that I had heard from Mr. Ðakenis. (See Ðkirpa's account in Margutis, February 1955, pp. The Ministers convened in the President's Office as early as 1-2 o'clock at night. 3 million would die within its walls), Ben Davidson, American actor (Rhino-Ball Four, Code R) and football player, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012), Dary John Mizelle, American composer, born in Stillwater, Oklahoma, Jack Bannon, American actor (Art in Lou Grant, Trauma Center), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2017), William P. Baker, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Oakland, California. Latvia and Estonia had a long-standing military pact, but there was no formal or informal agreement involving Lithuanian military cooperation. If that same person saved a Half dollar every day starting at age 6, then by now that person has accumulated $13,593.00 today. cit., esp. Meanwhile the telegram was decoded (at about 4 o' clock, I think). Communist Aggression, 83rd Cong., 2nd ses., Washington, D.C., 1954 (hereafter cited as Third Interim Report),  !0; Hey! Smetona, Audënas or Musteikis. How should the President of the Republic behave when Prime Minister Merkys, Gen. Raðtikis, a candidate for Prime Minister, and the present Commander in Chief Gen. Vitkauskas bow down to Moscow's aggression For the minutes of these meetings see Third Interim Report, pp. } else if(increment > 0) { var loop_time = 1 * ''; Gen. Èernius' government resigned in November of 1939. Gen. Raðtikis' version of his role in the formation of After this report no decision was taken, only a, stronger alert in the army was instituted. Binding: Soft cover Gen. Raðtikis, moreover, argued that the Thus already between 11 -12 p.m. Prime Minister Merkys asked my permission to call a meeting of the Council of Ministers for 3 o'clock at night in the President's Office. !0; 18 ,E. Turauskas was in charge of the Political Department of the Foreign Ministry, L. Natkevièius was the Lithuanian Minister in Moscow. diff = start2 - today; According to the decision taken earlier in the day, President Smetona and his immediate family, together with the Minister of Defense Gen. Musteikis and his family and the Minister of Justice and his family, left Kaunas between 4 and 5 p.m. on June 15th, after hearing that the Deputy Commissar of the Soviet Foreign Ministry Dekanozov was flying to Kaunas to oversee the occupation and that Soviet armored units were already at the outskirts of The number one song in the US on the day of your birth was [Not available]. The aggressor, reasoned the Council, would devastate the country to a greater extent if it were defended than if it were not; however, such an event would reverberate in the consciousness of Lithuanians, reminding them that the nation stood up for its honor as best it could. General Vincas Vitkauskas, the Commander in Chief of the Army, has given a very distorted account, written from the point of view of current Soviet historiography and, one suspects, with a view to make his role more pro-Soviet than it actually was.4 Gen. Vitkauskas replaced General Raðtikis, after the latter was forced out by the Nationalists because of the potential rivalry of Gen. Raðtikis to President Smetona. Musteikis' Pro Memoria, op. Voir les notices liées en tant que sujet, Genre ou forme : Journaux intimes  internal political developments, even the option of symbolic resistance to Soviet encroachment was not realistically available. today = new Date(today.getTime() - loop_time * loop_range); When asked whether he had any news from Mr. Urbðys, he replied that he did not, but that he expected to get it soon. var seconds = { There were 200 days remaining until the end of the year. Publisher: La Nuova Italia Editrice 86 - 89. } Deputy Prime Minister Bizauskas, who at first had left the meeting room, suddenly spoke up, urging to agree to all of Moscow's demands, since in the course of their implementation they might be weakened. Molotov. (June 14, 1954). var display = ['day']; Ediz. That, of course, was a great detriment to the capability of armed power. (Cited in K. } See the documentation in } Whether the President of the Republic was informed, I do not know. (Raðtikis, II, p. 22 Evidently President Smetona here is referring to a so-called directive "R" •— a plan for disarming Soviet garrisons in Lithuania, especially those near (8), 80, brossura editoriale riquadrata con titolo bicromo e piccola vignetta. } !loop_range) { } for(i=0;i 0 && !show_zero) { Diario di guerra e di prigionia. while(start2 < today) { var expire = ! One thing is known, however: the Chief of the Nationalist Association, the President of the Republic, was very unpopular among the Christian Democrats. } The directive was secret and no copies of it are available, while the few military men who knew about it have been rather vague about its specifics. .. The timer below is a countdown clock to your next birthday. Merkys' cabinet is found in Raðtikis, op. } 's' : '') + '
' Seller Inventory # 135083, More information about this seller 7 Stasys Raðtikis, Kovose dël Lietuvos, Los Angeles, 1957, vol. Here a short digression might not be inappropriate. 15 23-24. VII-80. How therefore could the President now consent to have him handed over to court for punishment? Why was nothing being done? He came back very tired and exhausted. loop_range = seconds['day']; However, Smetona is right that the military was not prepared to implement these plans. Besides, several days earlier, I have heard from the same General Pundzevièius that beyond Vilnius along the Lithuanian border there is a concentration of a large number of Russian troops, armored and motorized units. Similarly, innocent as we are, we must take upon ourselves the guilt which Moscow throws at us, sacrificing Gen. Skuèas and Director Povilaitis in order to save the nation. Ediz. Whose protection should we seek, as if there were no third alternative: To Resist! !loop_time && ! Text of the letter to Kalinin in Kasias, op. if(loop_range == 'h') { var text = ''; Kaunas, but the request was rejected. var today = new Date(); A paragraph briefly describing preceding Soviet diplomatic pressures and negotiations in Moscow is omitted here. !loop_range) { No evidence was ever discovered or subsequently published by the Soviets to justify the accusations. THE DECISION OF THE LITHUANIAN GOVERNMENT TO ACCEPT THE SOVIET ULTIMATUM OF JUNE 14, 1940 THOMAS REMEIKIS Calumet College I BACKGROUND As the German armies were crushing the last French resistance, Stalin decided to implement the Nazi-Soviet agreements of August and September, 1939, by occupying and absorbing the Baltic States into the USSR.1 Following manufactured …

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