affondamento della wilhelm gustloff

[28], Noted as "Obstacle No. // ]]> On 2 April the 1,836 gross ton coal freighter Pegaway had departed Tyne under the command of Captain G. W. Ward with a load of coal for Hamburg. In 1963, Marinesko was given the traditional ceremony due to a captain upon his successful return from a mission. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Ecco l'affondamento della Wilhelm Gustloff. Wilhelm Gustloff sat in dock there for over four years. The Gustloff did not meet any minesweepers on its way. With seven other ships in the KdF fleet, she transported the Condor Legion back from Spain following the victory of the Nationalist forces under General Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil War. It was terrible, but it was a result of war, a terrible result of war."[26]. //-->, // From November 1940 onward, it lay at anchor at Gdynia, Poland, to serve as barracks for the 2nd Submarine Training Division. [24], Many ships carrying civilians were sunk during the war by both the Allies and Axis Powers. The Soviet commander, Capt. [22] Schön's more recent research is backed up by estimates made by a different method. As the Red Army advanced on East Prussia, Adm. Karl Dönitz began preparations for Operation Hannibal, the mass evacuation of German troops and civilians from the area. The third torpedo was a direct hit on the engine room located amidships, disabling all power and communications. Learn more about the sinking of the Wilhelm Gustloff in this article. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. In 1942, SS Cap Arcona was used as a stand-in for RMS Titanic in the German film version of the disaster. She served as a hospital ship in 1939 and 1940. 1 had been so badly damaged by the waves that after its crew had climbed up via ladders to the safety of their ship it was set adrift to later be washed up on the shores of Terschelling on 2 May. Many deaths were caused either directly by the torpedoes or by drowning in the onrushing water. The Wilhelm Gustloff Museum is a online non-profit museum dedicated to exhibiting memorabilia of historical value for public viewing and research benefit. [30], In 2006, a bell recovered from the wreck and subsequently used as a decoration in a Polish seafood restaurant was lent to the privately funded "Forced Paths" exhibition in Berlin. [14] The passengers, besides civilians, included Gestapo personnel, members of the Organisation Todt, and Nazi officials with their families. At about 6:00 pm a message was brought to the captain warning that a minesweeper convoy was headed their way, prompting him to activate the ship’s navigation lights to prevent a collision. The January 30th destruction of the KDF liner Wilhelm Gustloff it also includes images from the ZDF film Die Gustloff - Hafen Der Hoffnung. ... Der Untergang der Wilhelm Gustloff am 30. [9] A storm developed on 3 April with winds up to 100 kilometres per hour (62 mph) that forced the four ships apart. The ship was originally intended to be named Adolf Hitler but instead was christened after Wilhelm Gustloff, leader of the National Socialist Party's Swiss branch, who had been assassinated by a Jewish medical student in 1936. Petersen also rejected the recommendation of First Officer Louis Reese, who had advised a course that hugged the coastline. Der Untergang der ?Wilhelm Gustloff? Omissions? In doing so, he ignored the advice of Wilhelm Zahn, commander of the 2nd Submarine Training Division, who argued that increasing speed to 15 knots (17 miles [28 km] per hour) would reduce the likelihood of an attack, as Soviet submarines would not be able to keep up. [27] There were, however, 373 female naval auxiliaries amongst the passengers. In 1960, he was reinstated as captain third class and granted a full pension. The ship was soon sighted by the Soviet submarine S-13, under the command of Captain Alexander Marinesko. [CDATA[ On the second day of her voyage, the 58-year-old Captain Carl Lübbe died on the bridge from a heart attack. [10] Once the voting was complete, Wilhelm Gustloff departed, reaching Hamburg on 12 April. Despite the high number of civilian deaths, allegations that sinking the Gustloff constituted a war crime are largely unfounded, because of the presence of weapons and nearly 1,000 military personnel on board. She was then assigned as a floating barracks for naval personnel in Gdynia (Gotenhafen) before being armed and put into service to transport evacuees in 1945. Witnesses estimated that perhaps another 2,000 people boarded after that point. Measuring 208.5 m (684 ft 1 in) long by 23.59 m (77 ft 5 in) wide, with a capacity of 25,484 gross register tons (GRT), she was launched on 5 May 1937. An Unsolved History episode that aired in March 2003,[4] on the Discovery Channel, undertook a computer analysis of her sinking. 1 to head back towards the Wilhelm Gustloff, Schürmann was able to reach Pegaway. Nó bị chìm sau khi bị trúng ba quả ngư lôi bắn ra từ tàu ngầm của Liên Xô S-13 vào ngày 30 tháng 1 năm 1945. This analysis considered the passenger density based on witness reports and a simulation of escape routes and survivability with the timeline of the sinking. [25] However, based on the latest estimates of passenger numbers and those known to be saved, Wilhelm Gustloff remains by far the largest loss of life resulting from the sinking of one vessel in maritime history. Her purposes were to provide recreational and cultural activities for German functionaries and workers, including concerts, cruises, and other holiday trips, and to serve as a public relations tool, to present "a more acceptable image of the Third Reich". However, it was spotted by the Soviet submarine S-13 at about 7:00 pm. He died three weeks later from cancer at age 50. About 1,000 German naval officers and men were aboard during, and died in, the sinking of Wilhelm Gustloff. [18] The ship had four captains (Wilhelm Gustloff's captain, two merchant marine captains, and the captain of the U-Boat complement housed on the vessel) on board, and they disagreed on the best course of action to guard against submarine attacks. Marinesko followed the ships to their starboard (seaward) side for two hours before making a daring move to surface his submarine and steer it around Wilhelm Gustloff's stern, to attack it from the port side closer to shore, from whence the attack would be less expected. Eventually she was put back into service to transport civilians and military personnel as part of Operation Hannibal. One of the biggest tragedy of the WWII. 6 with a crew of ten under the command of Second Officer Schürmann was then lowered. List by death toll of ships sunk by submarines, "The Forgotten Maritime Tragedy Deadlier Than the Titanic", "The Forgotten Maritime Tragedy That Was 6 Times Deadlier Than the Titanic", "Voyages on board the Wilhelm Gustloff & Robert Ley", "London Polling Station: Annexation of Austria", "The 'Official' Maiden Voyage of the Wilhelm Gustloff April 21st, 1938 - May 6th, 1938", Löwe Torpedoboot 1940–1959 Sleipner Class, The Avalon Project – Laws of War: Adaptation to Maritime War of the Principles of the Geneva Convention (Hague X); 18 October 1907, maritimeEXODUS The Evacuation Model for the Marine Environment, Translation of Marinesko page from www.warheroes.ru, "ZARZĄDZENIE PORZĄDKOWE NR 9 DYREKTORA URZĘDU MORSKIEGO W GDYNI z dnia 23 maja 2006 r. w sprawie zakazu nurkowania na wrakach statków-mogiłach wojennych", The Greatest Marine Disaster in History...and why you probably never heard of it, Shipwreck Expedition May 2003, led by Mike Boring, Details, map and position info on www.wrecksite.eu, Schiff ohne Klassen - Die Wilhelm Gustloff, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in January 1945, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=MV_Wilhelm_Gustloff&oldid=988199415, World War II shipwrecks in the Baltic Sea, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with Dutch-language sources (nl), Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1,465 passengers (as designed) in 489 cabins. At 4 am, the captain issued an SOS when the ship was 20 miles northwest of the island of Terschelling in the West Frisian Islands group off the coast of the Netherlands. It wasn't. Many had worked at advanced weapon bases in the Baltic[13] from Gdynia/Gotenhafen to Kiel. google_ad_width = 120; The storm washed cargo and machinery from her decks and as the storm increased in intensity she lost manoeuvrability. [14] The three torpedoes which were fired successfully all struck Wilhelm Gustloff on her port side. On the night of 9–10 February, just 11 days after the sinking, S-13 sank another German ship, General von Steuben, killing about 4,500 people. During 10 April, 1,172 Germans and 806 Austrian eligible voters were ferried between the docks at Tilbury to the ship where 1,968 votes were cast in favour of the union and 10 voted against.

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